This great Boudha Stupa stands approximately 6-7 km North East from the center of the Kathmandu valley. The splendid dome of great Boudha Stupa is 100 ft in diameter, 1 hector in width and 141.16 ft. in height. The area of the stupa is approximately 6,756 square meters. It is believed that this great stupa was built during the Kashyapa Buddha’s end period and the beginning period of Shakyamuni Buddha. Buddhist people believe that the relics of Kashyapa Buddha, the third Buddha of Bhadrakalpa was enshrined in the dome of this stupa. This great stupa is known as the mind nature of Buddhas of three times-past, present, and the future. This Great Stupa is also called the Stupa of enlightenment or Bodhi Stupa It is also known as Jhyarung Khashyor. This Stupa is also one of the largest and most significant Buddhist monument in the world. This Stupa is religious, cultural and archeologically very important. This great stupa was enlisted on world heritage site by UNESCO in 1979 and has become the common monument of the people all over the world. Today it is a major destination for pilgrims from the Himalayas, Tibet, and South- East and Eastern Asia. It has become the center of a thriving town of monasteries, craftsmanship, and businesses. It is the principal center of Himalayan Buddhist worship and studies in the Kathmandu valley. This heritage site has an exceptional universal value which deserves protection and Conservation for the benefit of all human beings around the globe. It is believed that those who reside around this great stupa will never have to suffer from the hunger, famine and unfavorable conditions.
Brief History of the Great Boudha Stupa
There are many stories and legends concerning the origin and history of the great stupa. According to “Hidden Treasure of the Guru Padmasambhava” a widow named Ma Jhyazima aspired to make a great offering of Boudha, using her hard-earned savings as a poultry keeper, she approached the local king for permission and it was granted on condition that she used an area of the land measuring the size of a single ox skin. However, Jhyazima cut the skin into thin strips and claimed the land enclosed from the strips which laid end to end. This woman’s mere ambition to build such a magnificent monument offering to the Buddha caused much jealousy among the rich and powerful at the time. The jealous lord petitioned the king to stop the construction but the king who had allowed it to happen replied – “Since permission to build has been given, it shall not be rescinded.” Thus, the stupa was named Jhyaning Khashyor. The remaining work of the constructions of Boudha stupa was completed by the four sons of Jhyazima. They were Trisong Deuchen, Shanta Rakshita, Guru Padmasambhava and Bami
The earliest historical references of Boudha Stupa are found in the Chronicles of the Newar society. Firstly, Boudha is mentioned as one of the four stupas found by the Licchavi king Vrisadeva (ca.AD 400) or Vikramjit Secondly, to Newars legend, the stupa’s origin is attributed to king Dham adeva’s son, Manadeva. Manadeva was the great Licchavi king military conqueror and the patron of arts who reigned ca.AD 464-505 Manadeva is also linked with the Swayambhu Chaiya of Gum Bahal. Thirdly, another great Licchhavi king. Shivadeva (AD 590-604) is associated with Buddha by an inscription; he may have restored the Stupa. Finally, the archeologist report of the 16th century Tibetan restorer, Sakya zangpo, there is an assertion that he discovered the Lichhavi king Amsuvarma’s relics in the Stupa. There is no Lichhavi stone remaining in the vicinity of Buddha. Although in the eastern enclave of the Stupa there are several updatable but undoubted ancient stones inscribed with the mantra, and in the south, there are small Chaityas in the Lichhavi style, which could perhaps be dated as early as the 13th century. In conclusion, although there is no epigraphical archeological or literary evidence of the Stupa’s early history is entirely based upon legend.
Clues to the stupa’s origin and history can be derived from the etymology of the Newari name of the Stupas Khas or Khasti Chaitya, “The Dewdrop Stupa”. Some believe the named is derived from Kasyapa, the Manusi Buddha of the Dwapars-yuga, whose relics are said to be enshrined within it. According to Newari etymology, it is derived from the Newari word for “dew”, by chronicles that mentioned when the Stupa was in process of construction a drought struck and the workmen were forced to lay out white cotton cloth to collect the morning dew, which was then wrung out to facilitate the day’s construction. Some say Khasa was the name of a Tibetan Lama whose relics were enshrined here. The Stupa’s origin was associated with the town Khasa on the present border of Nepal and China.
According to Gopal Raj Chronicles, during the reign of the Licchavi king Dharmadeva (ca AD 4th century), it is said that the king installed “Narayanhiti stone spouts” but the water did not come. So, the king consulted his astrologers and was told to sacrifice the most virtuous man in the kingdom for water. After disappointing results, the king decided that it was himself and his son who qualified as victims. The old king decided it was himself who had to die. So, he instructed his son to decapitate a shrouded form with one stroke he would find lying near the palace that night.
The prince Mandev obeyed his father command and was horrified to see the head of his father fly from the corpse. It landed at the temple of Vajra Yogini in Sakura and he was told by the goddess that the only way he could undo his sins was to let a cock fly and build a Stupa wherever cock landed for his father. The cock alighted at Boudha, and king Mandela built magnificent Stupa there.
Important Site Of The Great Boudha Stupa
- Ajima Temple
This temple is located to the north of Great Boudha Stupa. It is the temple of Goddess Mamo Pukasi who is known as the protector of the stupa area. She is known as the wish-fulfilling goddess. The lama (priest) perform offering and praying to the goddess Ajima every morning for the welfare of all the sebtient beings.
- Historical Pound & Ghyilisang Peace Park
The Great Boudha Stupa is the best sightseeing place in Kathmandu. Don’t forget to visit the place while you are doing the Tour in Nepal as well as Kathmandu sightseeing.